Protective Factors

It is also possible to identify a range of protective factors that have been linked to reduced risk of maltreatment, as well as resilience and better outcomes for children. Protective factors can include the individual child and/or parent characteristics, as well as the extended family and community context:

Simply put, prevention of abuse (and intervention) may be best accomplished by bolstering the protective factors present in a child’s life – that is available strengths and resources of individuals, families and communities. For more information please see Module On Resilience.


In Janek’s case, which protective factors could be strengthened to break the cycle of violence towards him and his sister and bolster their well-being?